This tutorial is about repairing disk errors and applies for all devices running the Windows 11/10, Windows 8/8.1, Windows 7 operating systems. Furthermore, we are also going to show you what causes this error. and lastly, how you can fix it on your PC.
- What Causes Hard Drive Corruption
- How the Error Appears
- How we lose data
- Repair Drive using Command Prompt Without Losing Data
- Steps to fix Issue:
- How can I protect my hard drive from corrupting
What Causes Hard Drive Corruption
Hard drive corruption can occur due to the following;
- File System errors
- Read/Write issues
- Software bugs
- Virus attack
- Damaged MBR on the disk
- Bad sectors on the hard drive
- Poor operating conditions
- Power supply and connection
- Physical damage
How the Error Appears
Sometimes plugging in an external device into your computer, Windows might prompt error message; ” Drive H:\ is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable.”. Windows prompts error message: “Drive H:\ is not accessible.
How we lose data
External Hard drives, USB flash drive, SD card, for instance, can be susceptible to this error. A significant number of people have lost important data from their PCs due to errors.
A common popup message on the Windows OS leading to data loss is “You need to format the disk in drive G: before you can use it “.
Avoid the “Format disk” button. Close the prompt instead. It should be used for unused drives or as the last result.
DO NOT CLICK "FORMAT DISK"
Repair Drive using Command Prompt Without Losing Data
There’s a way to fix this problems. Checking the disk errors and repairing corrupted file systems. Avoid clicking on “The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable” error caused by bad sectors, virus infection or file system corruption.
When a file or directory gets corrupted and unreadable, it can cause a lot of problems on your PC. This can prevent you from accessing certain files.
- Unusable files and directories
- The drive does not show on “This PC”
- Corrupted or unreadable folder
- If the format disk prompt windows 10 doesn’t work.
Steps to fix Issue:
chkdsk checks the file system and file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. If used without parameters, it displays only the status of the volume and does not fix any errors.
If used with the /f, /r, /x, or /b parameters, it fixes errors on the volume.
1. Check Drive Letter with error and take note.
2. Open Command Prompt as Administrator
3. Check Disk Drive Letter using Command Prompt
Sometimes the drive might not show in “This PC”. We can check it using command prompt using; “List disk“
In Command Prompt type.
Learn more in our precious article “Formatting Using Command Prompt – diskpart“
4. Perform Check Disk Operation using
chkdsk "dive letter/volume": /f
/f – fixes errors on the disk. Learn more from
How can I protect my hard drive from corrupting
The simplest way to repair damaged disks is to prevent hard drive corruption. You can develop this simple habit. Developing healthy habits with regard to handling storage devices will help you save your time and effort.